The direction of rotation can be controlled as shown in Fig.2. When switch S1 is in position A, coil L1 of the motor receives the current directly, whereas coil L2 receives the current with a phase shift due to capacitor C. So the rotor rotates in clockwise direction. When switch S1 is in position B, the reverse happens and the rotor rotates in anti-clockwise direction. Thus switch S1 can change the rotation direction.
There are a few ways to tell if the water heater element in your washing machine might not be working and only one way to know for sure, I will go over some of the ways you can use to tell if your washing machine water heater element might not be working and also explain the 1 method you can use to to tell for sure if your element has developed a fault or not.