The above list is not exhaustive, but it's a great starting point. Washing machine repair is by no means a simple task, but it becomes a lot more manageable for the average homeowner when you're at least somewhat familiar with the parts that you're looking at. Take a minute to look over the owner's manual that you received when you purchased your current unit; there should be a complete diagram with all of the parts labeled. If you misplaced the manual or can't locate a helpful diagram, there are countless online resources that can help you with your DIY repair by allowing you to look up your exact model specifications and helping you identify exactly which parts may be at the root of your washer's malfunction.
Even your average machine from Maytag, Whirlpool, GE and many of the other common brands eventually will balk at the neglect. Many times, these are basic repair issues. Replacing a band or pump, for example, is pretty easy to do. A good deal of the problems don't even require repair - a quick troubleshooting, like taking a kink out of a hose is all they need at times. If it is a little more problematic, affordable washing machine parts can be purchased for these same aforementioned brands on several internet sites.