Washing Machine Diagram / August 28, 2018 / Julieta Alley.
In the UK it’s very hard to get circuit diagrams or repair manuals. I get many emails from people looking for repair manuals and wiring diagrams for white goods appliances, but they are only available to the trade. Even then they are commonly only available by opening a trade account, paying a subscription and logging online into a manufacturer’s secure technical support web site. Another common way the trade can have access to them is by subscribing to them on DVD, which isn’t cheap, and needs renewing every several months or so. Gone are the days when we used to buy the wiring diagrams and repair manuals in printed form.
Washing machines usually employ a single-phase motor. In semi-automatic washing machines, a purely mechanical switch controls the timing and direction of the motor. These switches are costly and wear out easily. Presented here is a washing machine motor controller for single phase motors of washing machines that efficiently replaces its mechanical equivalent.
During ‘on’ time of spin direction timer IC2, the output of negative- edge triggerd JK flip-flop at pin 2 goes low to energise relay RL2 and washing machine motor rotates in one direction. During the off time of IC2, the output of N1 goes high again to de-energise relay RL1, which cuts off the mains supply to RL2 and the monitor stop rotating. Floating point trouble may occur at trigger pin 2 of IC1. Resister R8 over comes this problem by holding pin 2 high.
When an unbalanced condition occurs, the switch closes the circuit to the switch in the off-balance position. This removes electricity to all the washer's functional parts, stopping the cycle and thus avoiding a costly repair. The user then must redistribute the load more evenly in the washer tub, pull the timer dial out to de-energize the solenoid, and allow the switch to rest, and the push the timer dial in. This again closes the circuit to the normally active parts of the washer and washing machine.